Yellow fever is a viral infection spread through mosquito bites in affected areas, and can cause symptoms including chills, fever, headache, back pain, nausea, and fatigue. Around 15 percent of those infected can also develop more serious symptoms of yellow fever including jaundice, bleeding, and organ failure.
Depending on their nationality and where they are traveling from, foreign citizens may be required to have proof of a yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter Egypt in order to prevent the spread of this dangerous disease. Read on to find out more about yellow fever and Egypt, and remember to check which other vaccines required for Egypt you may need before traveling.
Which Countries Require a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate?
According to the World Health Organization, the following countries require all arriving travelers to have an international certificate of vaccination for yellow fever:
- Central African Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- French Guiana
- Sierra Leone
Most other countries not on this list only require travelers to have a yellow fever vaccination certificate if arriving from a destination with a risk of yellow fever transmission. This includes if they have spent longer than 12 hours in transit in an airport in one of those countries.
All travelers over 9 months of age are recommended to get a yellow fever vaccine before arriving in an area where there is evidence of persistent or periodic yellow fever virus transmission. However, a yellow fever vaccination is generally not recommended for those who do not intend to visit areas where there is low potential for yellow fever virus exposure.
Is the Yellow Fever Vaccine Needed for Egypt?
A yellow fever vaccine for egypt is not an obligatory Egypt entry requirement for all foreign citizens visiting the country. The only travelers who need a yellow fever certificate for Egypt are those aged 9 months or older who are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission, including those who have passed more than 12 hours in transit in these areas.
Yellow Fever transmission is a risk in the following countries:
Angola, Argentina, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname,Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela.
A yellow fever certificate for Egypt is also required for travelers arriving from Eritrea, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, and Zambia. Travelers from all of the countries listed above who cannot show proof of yellow fever shots for Egypt are likely to be placed in quarantine for up to 6 days before being allowed into the country.
How Do I Get a Yellow Fever Certificate for Egypt?
If you are arriving from a country which requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for Egypt, then you should talk to your health care provider about whether you should get the vaccine.
Those who require a vaccine certificate are advised to get yellow fever shots for Egypt at least 10 days before the intended date of travel. Yellow fever vaccination availability may be limited in your country of residence, and the nearest vaccine center may be some distance away, so it is important to contact a clinic well in advance to ensure enough time to get the shots.
After getting the vaccine, you receive a signed and stamped International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP), or yellow card, which you can then present upon arrival in Egypt to gain access to the country. A single dose of yellow fever vaccine provides lifelong protection for most travelers, and all new and existing yellow fever vaccine certificates are now valid for life.
Egypt Yellow Fever Certificate Exceptions
Although most people have mild reactions to a yellow fever vaccine, including headaches, muscle aches, and mild fevers, the vaccination may have serious side effects for some, especially infants, adults over 60, and those with weakened immune systems.
Pregnant and nursing women are generally advised to avoid the vaccine unless travel to an area with risk of yellow fever transmission is unavoidable.
If you are unable to get a yellow fever vaccine for Egypt for medical reasons, your medical practitioner may issue a vaccination waiver and advise you to take meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures in yellow fever risk areas.
Once you have made sure whether or not a yellow fever vaccine is required for travel to Egypt, you should check Egypt visa requirements to see if you need a travel document for the country. A number of nationalities are now able to apply for an Egypt eVisa online to spend up to 30 days for either tourism or business.